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Cangkuang Temple, Garut, Indonesia

Posted on | January 25, 2013 | 4 Comments

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The temple is located in Kampung Pulo Cangkuang, Cangkuang Village, District Leles, Garut. Cangkuang village surrounded by four major mountains in West Java, which include Mount Haruman, Mount Kaledong, Mandalawangi Mountain and Thunder Mountain. The temple name is taken from the name of the village Cangkuang where the temple is located. The word ‘Cangkuang’ itself is the name of a type of plant pandan (pandanus furcatus), which is widely available around the tomb, Muhammad Arief Dalem grandparent, ancestor of Kampung Pulo. Cangkuang leaves can be used to make a hood, or covering mat of palm sugar.

Cangkuang cultural heritage located in the mainland in the middle of a small lake (in Sundanese called it), so as to reach the place one should use the raft. Besides the temple, on the island there is also a traditional settlement of Kampung Pulo, which is also part of th

e heritage area.

Cangkuang temple was rediscovered by Tim Leles History on December 9, 1966. The research team sponsored by Mr. Idji Hatadji (CV. Haruman) is chaired by prof. Harsoyo, Uka Tjandrasasmita (head of the research institute of Islamic history and archeology), and students from Bandung IKIP. Research carried out by writing in the book Notes from Bataviaasch Vorderman Genotschap published in 1893 stated that in the village there Cangkuang ancient tomb and a statue that has been damaged. It said that the findings were located in the hills of Kampung Pulo.

Tomb and statue of Shiva is indeed found. In early studies it appears there is a stone ruins of a temple. Ancient tomb is the tomb of Muhammad Arief considered locals as their ancestors.

In early studies it appears there is a rubble stone temple and beside him there is an ancient tomb below the statue of Shiva located in the ruins of the building. With the discovery of andesite stones shaped beam, the research team led Tjandrasamita feel confident that around the site originally contained a temple. Locals often use the blocks for tombstones.

Based on these beliefs, researchers conducted excavations at the site. Near the grave of Muhammad Arief researchers discovered the foundations of the temple berkuran 4.5 x 4.5 meters and the other temple stones scattered about.

With the invention of the Institute of History and Antiquities Team immediately carry out research in the area. Until 1968, the research is still ongoing. The process of restoration of the temple began in 1974-1975 and the implementation of reconstruction carried out in 1976 covering the body frame, roof and statues of Shiva and is equipped with a joglo museum with the intention to be used to store and inventory of historic objects of cultural heritage of the entire former Garut. In the implementation of restoration in 1974 has been recovered stone temples which are the parts of the foot of the temple. The main obstacle is the rock temple reconstruction of the temple were found only about 40% of the original, so the original stone used to reconstruct the temple is only about 40%. The rest is made of mortar, coral, sand and iron.

Cangkuang Temple is the first temple restored, and also to fill the gap between history and Pajajaran Purnawarman. Experts suspect that the temple Cangkuang founded in the 8th century, is based on:
1. decay rate of the rock;
2. simplicity of form (no relief).

Once restored, the Temple Cangkuang have a size corresponding to its natural state. Building height to the top of the roof is 8.5 m. The temple stands on a square foot berdenah measuring 4.5 X 4.5 m. The roof of the temple compound to form a pyramid stacking. Along the banks of any kind arrangement adorned the crowns are small, like that found in temples Gedongsanga.

The entrance to the temple room is located on the east side. To reach the door there is a staircase width of about 75 cm height of about 1 m. The entrance is flanked by walls that form the frame of the door. There are no ornate carvings on the door frame.

Currently on the verge of the entrance to the room has been fitted doors barred the terkunci.Dalam temple there an area of ??2.2 m2 with a height of 3.38 m. In the middle of the room there is a statue of Shiva as high as 62 cm. That said right under the statue of a hole as deep as 7 m, but it can not be proven because the visitors are not allowed into the room.

Customary settlement Kampung Pulo
Kampung Pulo is a small village, consisting of six home and six heads of families. It became customary provisions that the number of houses and the head of the family should be six members, including the three houses on the left and on the right three houses facing each other plus one mosque as a place of worship.
Therefore, the second row of the house should not be plus or minus.

If a child is mature then marriage then no later than two weeks after the wedding had to leave his native home, out of the six traditional house them. He could return keasalnya when one family died on the condition of women and children should be determined on the selection of local families.

Grandparent Dalem Muhammad Arief
Grandparent Dalem Arief Muhammad and local communities that have stem region, thus forming a lake with a name Situ Cangkuang. Once the area is completed dammed, the low plains into lakes, and hills into islands. Islands include Long Island (where there Pulo village), Gede Island, Island Leutik (small), wedus Island, Island Katanda and Masigit Island. Muhammad Arief Dalem grandparent came from the kingdom of Mataram, East Java. He and his men come in order to attack the VOC in Batavia and the spread of Islam in the village Cangkuang.

Cangkuang village, Kampung Pulo particular, it was already inhabited by people who embraced Hinduism. This is evident from the existence of a Hindu temple has now been restored. Method of propagation is done Arief Muhammad was not much of a pattern of propagation Wali Songo. Wise grandparent Dalem Muhammad Arief invites local people to embrace Islam.

Guidelines propaganda taught by Muhammad Arief principle of Islam that does not recognize violence and coercion, but with peace and sincerity heart. The teachings are presented and written Arief Muhammad in the texts is no different to what we get from the clergy today. With reference to the Qur’an and the Hadith, he taught a variety of things to cope with all the personal lives of people forming a true Muslim with Allah mentauhidkan, good moral, and leave what is forbidden by Allah SWT.

As for the things that prove the existence of the spread of Islam is done at the beginning of the seventeenth century, among others:

Friday sermon manuscripts made of goat skin to have a size of 176 X 23 cm. Although it looks a little bit broken, but in the script writing is still clearly legible.
Holy Qur’an made from bark (saih) and has a size of 33 X 24 cm. Because it’s age, the condition of the book is seen torn. However this Koran book can still be read clearly.
Science Book of Jurisprudence made from bark (saih) by having the size 26 x 18.5 cm.
Tomb of Muhammad Arief Dalem grandparent who are on the southern temple Cangkuang. This suggests that the presence of religious harmony in the archipelago has been forged since hundreds of years ago

The residents of Kampung Pulo gradually embraced Islam, but most of them still carried his old beliefs. For example, on Wednesday a big day for them, and not Friday.


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